If you’re living in Portugal and have children, you may be wondering if they need a NIF (Número de Identificação Fiscal), which is a tax identification number assigned to individuals in Portugal. Here’s what you need to know.
- Children under 18 years old
Children under the age of 18 are not required to have a NIF in Portugal. However, they may need one in certain situations, such as opening a bank account, applying for a school or sports program, or receiving a scholarship. In these cases, it’s recommended to obtain a NIF for your child.
- Children over 18 years old
If your child is over 18 years old and living in Portugal, they will need to obtain a NIF if they plan to work, open a bank account, or engage in any other financial activities. They can apply for a NIF at the local tax office (Serviço de Finanças) by presenting their passport or national ID card, proof of address, and a completed application form.
- Non-resident children
If your child is not a resident of Portugal but needs to engage in financial activities in the country, they can apply for a NIF through a representative who is authorized to act on their behalf. This can be a legal guardian, parent, or other authorized individual.
In conclusion, while children under 18 years old are not required to have a NIF in Portugal, it’s recommended to obtain one in certain situations. Children over 18 years old who plan to work or engage in financial activities will need to obtain a NIF. If you’re unsure whether your child needs a NIF, it’s best to consult with a tax professional or the local tax office.