If you’re living in Portugal and have children, you may be wondering if they need a NIF (Número de Identificação Fiscal), which is a tax identification number assigned to individuals in Portugal. Here’s what you need to know.

  1. Children under 18 years old

Children under the age of 18 are not required to have a NIF in Portugal. However, they may need one in certain situations, such as opening a bank account, applying for a school or sports program, or receiving a scholarship. In these cases, it’s recommended to obtain a NIF for your child.

  1. Children over 18 years old

If your child is over 18 years old and living in Portugal, they will need to obtain a NIF if they plan to work, open a bank account, or engage in any other financial activities. They can apply for a NIF at the local tax office (Serviço de Finanças) by presenting their passport or national ID card, proof of address, and a completed application form.

  1. Non-resident children

If your child is not a resident of Portugal but needs to engage in financial activities in the country, they can apply for a NIF through a representative who is authorized to act on their behalf. This can be a legal guardian, parent, or other authorized individual.

In conclusion, while children under 18 years old are not required to have a NIF in Portugal, it’s recommended to obtain one in certain situations. Children over 18 years old who plan to work or engage in financial activities will need to obtain a NIF. If you’re unsure whether your child needs a NIF, it’s best to consult with a tax professional or the local tax office.